In Chinese medicine theory(CMT), human body is mainly constructed by Zang organs、Fu organs and meridians etc.
Zang (solid, yin) organs: liver、heart、spleen、lung and kidney
Fu (hallow, yang) organs similar to containers: stomach、small Intestine、large Intestine、bladder、urinary bladder and Sānjiaō (or the three truncal cavities 三焦)
Each Zang organ is paired with a Fu organ. Heart pairs with small intestine; liver pairs with gallbladder; spleen pairs with stomach; lung pairs with large intestine; kidney pairs with urinary bladder. Zang organ leads Fu organ’s function and each pair performs one characteristic of the Five Elements. The two paired organs connect with each other by meridians, and all pairs are networked by meridians as well. Meridians not only network Zang and Fu organs but also network all other body systems.
Meridians are chi channels transporting chi to drive blood flow and support body systems’ physiological activities. Blood vessels and meridians are close to each other, so that chi in meridians can drive blood flow to sustain body systems’ physiological activities. Chi flows, then, blood flows; chi flow gets stagnant, then, blood flow gets stagnant, too.
Blood and blood vessels are tangibles, able to be seen by eyes. Chi and meridians are intangibles, unable to be seen. Chi can only be located thru body systems’ vital activities and physiological function activated by chi. According to CMT, death ends when chi stops flowing. Meridians will no longer exist after death.
Meridian network mainly includes main meridians (” jingmai” 經脈in Chinese) and luo meridians (“luomai” 絡脈in Chinese). Main meridians are main chi channels. Main meridians’ chi flows vertically and circulates deep inside the body. Luo meridians are main meridians’ branches. Luo meridian chi flows horizontally. Luo meridians network the whole body and close to body surface.
Main meridians are categorized into two groups – twelve main meridians and eight extraordinary meridians.
- Twelves main meridians
3 hand yin main meridians (The side of hand facing body is yin):
Hand Taiyin Lung Meridian
Hand Shaoyin Heart Meridian
Hand Jueyin Pericardium Meridian
3 hand yang main meridians (The other side of hand is yang):
Hand Taiyang Small Intestine Meridian
Hand Shaoyin Triple Energizer Meridian
Hand Yangming Large Intestine Meridian
3 foot yin jing meridians (The back of legs is yin):
Foot Taiyin Speen Meridian
Foot Shaoyin Kidney Meridian
Foot Jueyin Liver Meridian
3 foot yang jing meridians (The front side of legs is yang):
Foot Taiyang Bladder Meridian
Foot Shaoyang Gallbladder Meridian
Foot Yangming Stomach Meridian
- Eight extraordinary meridians
Conception Vessel (Ren Mai) 任脈
Governor Vessel (Du Mai) 督脈
Penetrating Vessel (Chong Mai) 衝脈
Girdle Vessel (Dai Mai) 帶脈
Yin linking vessel (Yin Wei Mai) 陰維脈
Yang linking vessel (Yang Wei Mai) 陽維脈
Yin Heel Vessel (Yin Chau Mai) 陰蹻脈
Yang Heel Vessel (Yang Chau Mai) 陽蹻脈
Meridian Chi’s Main function
- Networks and unifies Zang organs、Fu organs and all other body systems to form a living organism.
- Drives blood flow to nourish and moisturize body systems, and to defense external invasions.
- Transmits information within body systems.
When a stimulus is triggered on body surface, the stimulation gets conducted to related body system and changes the system’s physiological function.
- Regulates body system’s physiological activities.
Meridian chi drives chi and blood flow and balances yin and yang, so as to balance and harmonize human body.
Meridian chi congestion could jeopardize body systems’ function. Congestion could increase 1% every year in old age. A person in 50, the congestion could reach over 50% and his body could start to age fast.
Traditional Chinese therapies
Besides Chinese medicines prescribed by Chinese doctors via pulse reading, acupuncture、bones and muscles restoration massotherapy and chigong (or qigong) etc. are other kinds of Chinese traditional therapies via activating meridian chi to regulate chi and blood flows so as to boost body self-rejuvenation. Nowadays Acupuncture is a worldwide recognized Chinese traditional therapy. There are 361 acupuncture points (or acupoints) in the body. Chi converges more at these points. Stimulating these points by needles can activate and regulate the physiological function of Zang and Fu organs.
Keeping body warm can dredge meridian congestions.
When body is cold and damp, all meridians and blood vessels would shrink by cold, and muscles and tissues would harden as well. Warming the body up by exercise or other warming methods to expel cold and dampness can activate chi and blood flows.